Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia:
1. That the Code of Virginia is amended by adding a section numbered 8.01-225.01 as follows:
§ 8.01-225.01. Certain immunity for health care providers during man-made disasters under specific circumstances.
A. In the absence of gross negligence or willful misconduct, any health care provider who responds to a man-made disaster by delivering health care to persons injured in such man-made disaster shall be immune from civil liability for any injury or wrongful death arising from abandonment by such health care provider of any person to whom such health care provider owes a duty to provide health care when (i) a state or local emergency has been or is subsequently declared; and (ii) the provider was unable to provide the requisite health care to the person to whom he owed such duty of care as a result of the provider's voluntary or mandatory response to the relevant man-made disaster.
B. In the absence of gross negligence or willful misconduct, any hospital or other entity credentialing health care providers to deliver health care in response to a man-made disaster shall be immune from civil liability for any cause of action arising out of such credentialing or granting of practice privileges if (i) a state or local emergency has been or is subsequently declared; and (ii) the hospital has followed procedures for such credentialing and granting of practice privileges that are consistent with the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations' standards for granting emergency practice privileges.
C. For the purposes of this section:
"Health care provider" means those professions defined as such in § 8.01-581.1; and
"Man-made disaster" means the circumstances described in § 44-146.16.
D. The immunity provided by this section shall be in addition to, and shall not be in lieu of, any immunities provided in other state or federal law, including, but not limited to, §§ 8.01-225 and 44-146.23.