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8VAC20-22-350. English as a second language preK-12.

Endorsement requirements. The candidate must have:

1. Graduated from an approved teacher preparation program in English as a second language; or

2. Completed 24 semester hours of coursework distributed in the following areas:

a. Teaching of reading (the courses must include the five areas of reading instruction: phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary and text comprehension as well as the similarities and differences between reading in a first language and reading in a second language; one course must address reading instruction to English language learners): 6 semester hours;

b. English linguistics (including phonology, morphology, syntax of English): 3 semester hours;

c. Cross-cultural education: 3 semester hours;

d. Modern foreign languages (if an applicant's primary language is other than English, all 6 hours must be in English): 6 semester hours;

e. Electives in second language acquisition, general linguistics, applied linguistics, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, ESL assessment, or ESL curriculum development: 3 semester hours; and

f. Methods of teaching English as a second language at the elementary and secondary levels: 3 semester hours.

Statutory Authority

22.1-298.1 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 23, Issue 25, eff. September 21, 2007.


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