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Part I
Definitions

16VAC25-50-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Act" means the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Safety Act, Chapter 3.1 ( 40.1-51.5 et seq.) of Title 40.1 of the Code of Virginia.

"Alteration" means any change in the item described on the original Manufacturers' Data Report which affects the pressure containing capability of the boiler or pressure vessel. Non-physical changes, such as an increase in the maximum allowable working pressure (internal or external) or design temperature of a boiler or pressure vessel, shall be considered an alteration. A reduction in minimum temperature such that additional mechanical tests are required shall also be considered an alteration.

"Approved" means acceptable to the board, commissioner or chief inspector as applicable.

"ASME Code" means the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers approved and adopted by the governing council of such society and approved and adopted by the board.

"Authorized inspection agency" means one of the following:

a. A department or division established by a state, commonwealth or municipality of the United States, or a province of Canada, which has adopted one or more sections of the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code of the ASME and whose inspectors hold valid commissions with the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors; or equivalent qualifications as defined and set forth in 16VAC25-50-50 and 16VAC25-50-70;

b. An inspection agency of an insurance company which is authorized (licensed) to write boiler and pressure vessel insurance in those jurisdictions which have examined the agency's inspectors to represent such jurisdictions as is evident by the issuance of a valid certificate of competency to the inspector;

c. An owner-user inspection agency as defined in this section; or

d. A contract fee inspector.

"Board" means the Virginia Safety and Health Codes Board.

"Boiler" means a closed vessel in which water is heated, steam is generated, steam is superheated, or any combination of them, under pressure or vacuum for use externally to itself by the direct application of heat. The term "boiler" shall include fired units for heating or vaporizing liquids other than water where these units are separate from processing systems and are complete within themselves.

"Certificate of competency" means a certificate issued by the commissioner to a person who has passed the prescribed examination as provided in 16VAC25-50-50. See 40.1-51.9 and 40.1-51:9:1 of the Act.

"Certificate inspection" means an inspection, the report of which is used by the chief inspector to decide whether or not a certificate, as provided for in 40.1-51.10 of the Act may be issued. This certificate inspection shall be an internal inspection when required; otherwise, it shall be as complete an inspection as possible.

"Chief inspector" means the chief boiler and pressure vessel inspector of the Commonwealth.

"Commission, National Board" means the commission issued by the National Board to a holder of a Certificate of Competency for the purpose of conducting inspections in accordance with the National Board Bylaws and this chapter. The employer must submit the inspector's application to the National Board for a commission.

"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of the Department of Labor and Industry.

"Commonwealth inspector" means any agent appointed by the commissioner under the provisions of 40.1-51.9 of the Act.

"Condemned boiler or pressure vessel" means a boiler or pressure vessel that has been inspected and declared unsafe for use or disqualified by legal requirements and to which a stamping or marking designating its condemnation has been applied by the chief or commonwealth inspector.

"Department" means the Department of Labor and Industry.

"Division" means the Boiler Safety Enforcement Division of the Department of Labor and Industry.

"Electric boiler" means a boiler in which the source of heat is electricity.

"Examining board" means persons appointed by the chief inspector to monitor examinations of inspectors.

"Existing installation" means and includes any boiler or pressure vessel constructed, installed, placed in operation or contracted for before July 1, 1974.

"External inspection" means an inspection of the exterior of the boiler or pressure vessel and its appliances when the item is in operation.

"Heating boiler" means a steam or vapor boiler operating at pressures not exceeding 15 psig, or a hot water boiler operating at pressures not exceeding 160 psig or temperature not exceeding 250F at or near the boiler outlet.

"High-pressure, high-temperature water boiler" means a water boiler operating at pressures exceeding 160 psig or temperatures exceeding 250F at or near the boiler outlet.

"Hobby boiler" means a steam boiler which serves no commercial purpose and is used solely for hobby or display and operated solely for the enjoyment of the owner.

"Hot water supply boiler" means a boiler furnishing hot water to be used externally to itself at pressures not exceeding 160 psig or temperatures not exceeding 250F at or near the boiler outlet, with the exception of boilers which are directly fired by oil, gas or electricity where none of the following limitations are exceeded:

a. Heat input of 200,000 BTU per hour;

b. Water temperature of 210F; or

c. Nominal water containing capacity of 120 gallons.

"Hot water supply storage tanks" means those heated by steam or any other indirect means where any one of the following limitations are exceeded:

a. Heat input of 200,000 BTU per hour;

b. Water temperature of 210F; or

c. Nominal water containing capacity of 120 gallons.

"Inspection certificate" means a certificate issued by the chief inspector for the operation of a boiler or pressure vessel.

"Inspector" means the chief inspector, commonwealth inspector or special inspector.

"Internal inspection" means a complete examination of the internal and external surfaces of a boiler or pressure vessel and its appliances while it is shut down and manhole plates, handhole plates or other inspection openings removed.

"Lap seam crack" means a failure in a lap joint extending parallel to the longitudinal joint and located either between or adjacent to rivet holes.

"Miniature boiler" means any boiler which does not exceed any one of the following limits:

a. 16 inches inside diameter of shell;

b. 20 square feet heating surface;

c. 5 cubic feet gross volume, exclusive of casing and insulation; or

d. 100 psig maximum allowable working pressure.

"National Board" means the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors, 1055 Crupper Avenue, Columbus, OH 43229, whose membership is composed of the chief inspectors of government jurisdictions who are charged with the enforcement of the provisions of the ASME Code.

"National Board Inspection Code" means the manual for boiler and pressure vessel inspectors published by the National Board. Copies of this code may be obtained from the National Board.

"New boiler or pressure vessel installation" means all boilers or pressure vessels constructed, installed, placed in operation or contracted for after July 1, 1974.

"NFPA" means the National Fire Protection Association.

"Nonstandard boiler or pressure vessel" means a boiler or pressure vessel that does not bear the stamp of Commonwealth of Virginia, the ASME stamp or the National Board stamp when applicable.

"Owner or user" means any person, partnership, firm or corporation who is legally responsible for the safe operation of a boiler or pressure vessel within the Commonwealth.

"Owner-user inspection agency" means any person, partnership, firm or corporation registered with the chief inspector and approved by the board as being legally responsible for inspecting pressure vessels which they operate in this Commonwealth.

"Portable boiler" means an internally fired boiler which is primarily intended for temporary location and whose construction and usage permit it to be readily moved from one location to another.

"Power boiler" means a boiler in which steam or other vapor is generated at a pressure of more than 15 psig.

"Pressure vessel" means a vessel in which the pressure is obtained from an external source, or by the application of heat from an indirect source, or from a direct source, other than those boilers defined in Part I (16VAC25-50-10 et seq.) of this chapter.

"PSIG" means pounds per square inch gauge.

"R Certificate of Authorization" means an authorization issued by the National Board for the repair and alteration of boilers and pressure vessels.

"Reinstalled boiler or pressure vessel" means a boiler or pressure vessel removed from its original setting and reinstalled at the same location or at a new location.

"Repair" means work necessary to return a boiler or pressure vessel to a safe and satisfactory operating condition, provided there is no deviation from the original design.

"Secondhand boiler or pressure vessel" means a boiler or pressure vessel which has changed both location and ownership since the last certificate inspection.

"Special inspector" means an inspector holding a Virginia Certificate of Competency, and who is regularly employed by an insurance company authorized (licensed) to write boiler and pressure vessel insurance in this Commonwealth, an inspector continuously employed by any company operating pressure vessels in this Commonwealth used or to be used by the company, or a contract fee inspector.

"Standard boiler or pressure vessel" means a boiler or pressure vessel which bears the stamp of the Commonwealth of Virginia, the ASME stamp and the National Board stamp when applicable.

"Underwriters' Laboratories" means Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., 333 Pfingsten Road, Northbrook, Illinois 60062, which is a nonprofit, independent organization testing for public safety. It maintains and operates laboratories for the examination and testing of devices, systems, and materials to determine their relation to life, fire, casualty hazards and crime prevention.

"VR Certificate of Authorization" means an authorization issued by the National Board for the repair of pressure relief valves.

"Water heater" means a vessel used to supply: (i) potable hot water; or (ii) both space heat and potable water in combination which is directly heated by the combustion of fuels, electricity, or any other source and withdrawn for use external to the system at pressures not to exceed 160 psi or temperatures of 210F. This term also includes fired storage water heaters defined by the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code as a "water heater."

Statutory Authority

40.1-51.6 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR425-01-75 1, eff. July 1, 1974; amended, eff. November 1, 1978; July 1, 1991; September 1, 1993; Virginia Register Volume 11, Issue 20, eff. August 1, 1995; Volume 15, Issue 5, eff. January 1, 1999.


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